Talk about walking on pins and needles without having a corporate job. The body as a complex holding of liquid and material must maintain the ability to enable blood to flow adequately and be able to heal injury by internally creating a mesh or blockage to prevent the excess loss of blood with the use of the body's own blood(platelets and fibrin); the body must also be able to prevent clots from moving away(embolism) from the damaged area or traveling through the body to places like the lungs, heart or brain, so that the clots do not prevent blood flow in those areas to cause hypoxia, heart attacks or strokes. Even if blood clots do not form in areas like the lungs, brain or heart but form in areas like the leg; if blood and oxygen are prevented from flowing through any body part the tissue inside the affected area eventually dies (ischemia occurs). The blood in the body becomes difficult over time since as people get older the blood in the body slows down or the rate in which it flows decreases. This can be attributed to the lack of exercise or because their lifestyle has slowed down somewhat or due to those aches and pains that really make getting around no fun at all. Because the blood and oxygen in the body are moving at a slower rate blood clots are likely to occur. Since the vitamin K in the body becomes active in the body where blood and oxygen are dormant or slowed in some capacity the vitamin K reacts by responding to an "abnormal" situation and therefore the blood begins to produce clots in a "defective" mechanism way in reaction to the trauma in the body since blood and oxygen seem to be unable to flow through the body or body part normally. In attempts to make the blood thinner to be able to travel through the arteries, vessels and veins a blood thinner ie. Coumadin is prescribed. This medication must be checked periodically or on a regular basis so that the blood does not become too thin. Coumadin type medications must function along with the amount of vitamin K in the body. If the body becomes depleted of it's resource of vitamin K due to Coumadin type medications then a person can bruise or bleed faster because of the thin blood and it's inability to clot quicker. This risk means more and more visits to the physicians office and managing Coumadin or vitamin K levels become chronic in disease or disorder.
If patient's who take Coumadin type medications(heparin) were offered another alternative other than the standard needle and blood routine, and going to the lab or physicians office very often(at least that's one way of getting exercise), for PT/INR tests-would they do so? Anything that saves time, money and by providing a way to manage PT/INR results on their own is what is needed. Patient's should be relieved once they can finally take control of their own health regarding their PT/INR. But how can this be done?
This can be done by vitamin K reagent strips via urinalysis. Vitamin K is responsible for coagulation or blood clotting factors and Coumadin type medications tend to inhibit blood clotting or prevent the blood from clotting. In any instance this has to be monitored routinely since excessive bleeding can result in serious situations. A coagulation deficiency (lack of vitamin K or too much Coumadin medication) can lead to blood in the urine. The urinalysis sample can be used on a vitamin K reagent strip to measure it's coagulation to evaluate vitamin K presence in the body. If the vitamin K test strip indicates that there is a prolonged reaction with the urine for the presence of vitamin k detection along with it's Coumadin response then it would mean that there is a vitamin K deficiency and that the anticoagulation medications ie. Coumadin will need to be adjusted. If the vitamin K test strip indicates a faster response which means a quicker detection of vitamin K in the body then, if on Coumadin type medications the dosage is adequate. It is important to know that certain vegetables and foods increase the vitamin K in the body so this must be carefully considered before the use of Coumadin or any anticoagulation medicine. PT/INR testing without needles for daily evaluation of vitamin K and anticoagulation medicines between physician visits is good patient maintenance. Besides, people check their blood pressure and glucose between physician visits, it is time for coagulation levels to be routinely evaluated at home- coagulations!