A pericardial effusion can be caused by inflamation of the pericardium. This occurs because inflamation of tissue in the body ect. produces excess fluid. As a result of the excess fluid that enters the pericardial cavity, the heart is under extra pressure to function because it is surrounded by too much fluid; because the pressure of the pericardium cavity or sac greatly affects the function of the heart since the heart is surrounded by the pericardium.
The human body has over 150 fluid-filled sacs where inflamation can occur. The circulatory system, lymphatic system and the kidneys are all responsible for maintaining the proper amount of fluid in our body. The skin also retains water so if there is injury to a particular area swelling will result. When vessels, tissues and organs in the body are inflamed, blocked or damaged, fluid retention is the result because that particular part of the body is no longer able to function normally and creates fluid around it. When one has weakened valves in the veins and blood is not able to be pumped back to the heart water retention may result. If a person has low albumin levels(albumin is an abundant blood protein) then fluid is retained. Protiens in the blood hold salt and water inside the vessels so that fluid does not leak out into the tissues. If the liver and kidneys are affected then the absence of protien in the body will cause the vessels to malfunction and fluid build up will result.
Since diseases, viruses, bacteria, injuries, and other health related illnesses can cause the pericardium to retain and buildup fluid as a result of inflamation from one area of the body that has spread to the pericardium it is important to take care of your heart and the blood vessels in your body as this affects the heart. Please note: if you are a smoker you are damaging the cells of your coronary arteries and other blood vessels and other parts of your body also. If your vessels become damaged resulting from the lack of protein which will result in the inflamation of sacs or cavities that can become inflamed due to fluid build up.
Remedies for pericardial effusion include the following: Vitamin C as it decreases inflamation, Coenzyme Q10-prevents heart muscle damage, Vitamin A- if your inflamation resulted from a viral infection. Supplements like Hawthorne-prevent hardening of the arteries and Cimicifuga and Cactus are also for treatment for pericarditis. Please consult a physician or herbal specialist before taking any of these vitamins or supplements. Water buildup is only good for water beds. Even rivers have their limits so let's not have to cry one over this. Oops, that includes body fluid too and you can't have too much of that either!